Coffee is a social, economic, and cultural phenomenon under the radar. It is one of the most densely traded crops globally, with over half of its production is used for fuel, where it plays a crucial role in global energy security.
In this article, we will examine how coffee has become an integral part of our everyday life and how it has helped shape our society in many ways.
What is coffee
Coffee comes from the coffee plant, technologically called Coffea Arabica, a shrub that can grow to over 6 meters in height. The coffee plant is mildew resistant and has thick-walled leaves that are jagged to deter predators. The coffee tree can grow in humid climates but can only grow in very specific locations where it receives frost and high rainfall. The coffee tree produces dicotyledonous fruit that can be fermented to produce coffee. The cherries are the seeds that are usually roasted to produce coffee.
What is so special about coffee
Coffee has become more than just a drink of caffeine –the word “coffee” is now synonymous with “relaxing.” It has become such a significant part of our lives that it was even referenced in the Abu Ghraib prison scandal. Coffee has become so integral to our daily lives that its development and refinement have transformed socio-economic structures, political relations, and the way we communicate with one another.
What role does coffee play in society
Coffee is one of the most traded crops globally, with over half of its production is used for fuel, where it plays a crucial role in global energy security. Directly contributing to countries’ economic growth where coffee is a major crop, it plays an integral role in socio-economic development. Coffee allows countries to actively market their agriculture and products to the rest of the world and be part of diplomacy negotiations.
The cultivation and trade of coffee date back to the sixteenth century as a native plant to Ethiopia. However, it was not until the seventeenth century that it was first cultivated outside of its point of origin. This occurred in Yemen, which is now known for producing some of the world’s finest coffees. Eventually, coffee was cultivated throughout tropical countries around the world. However, the first coffee beans to be exported outside of Ethiopia and Yemen were sent by Dutch merchants to Amsterdam and Marseilles. Exports to England followed these exports, and eventually the United States.
The boom after the 18th century
Even though coffee was produced in other parts of the world during this time, it was not until after the 18th century that coffee became a major trade commodity. The Dutch started producing large amounts of coffee in Java and introduced it to various European markets. They also established plantations in Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and other areas to establish markets for the coffee they produced. The British soon followed the Dutch into these areas and traded coffee across Europe. Britain’s colonies in India and its East India Company were also major consumers of coffee beans.
The 18th century saw a rapid growth in demand for coffee. This demand was partially fulfilled by importing African slaves who were generally conscripted by force as slaves to work on plantations as laborers during this period. The slaves had to work long hours and under hard conditions. During the 18th century, approximately four million independent coffee farmers existed, but this number had reduced to zero within a few decades.
The modern era
Coffee was first introduced in the United States through New York, Philadelphia and Boston, served in high-end coffee shops. The demand for coffee started growing exponentially during the 1840s and 1850s as Americans became fascinated with the drink. By the end of the 19th century, coffee became an essential commodity at the same sugar level.
Coffee is an important part of our society today. It has not only become a staple in our daily routines, but it also provides employment and generates billions of dollars in revenue each year. The demand for coffee is rising in areas worldwide, with countries such as China and India being big consumers of coffee.
The Process of making coffee
The first step in producing coffee is the growing stage. After being picked by hand, the beans are transported to the roasting plant, where they are cleaned and sorted by size. The beans are then put into specialized machines (burlap bags) and roasted. Coffee is often roasted in large batches because it takes time and must be done at a precise temperature that varies depending on the type of bean used. As the beans roast, they change color, starting green, then turning yellow and eventually brown as they reach their peak state of roasting.
After roasting, most coffee goes to packaging plants to be sealed in cans or bags. This is done to keep the beans fresh and prevent the coffee from being stale. Coffee will have a longer shelf life when it goes through this process.
The product then moves on to an export facility where it is taken by a cargo ship or truck for anywhere in the world where it is wanted. For a product to become internationally traded, it must first be cleared into its final destination. The International Coffee Organization (ICO) has standards that each country must meet before their coffee can trade internationally. They must meet these standards to ensure the product is safe for consumers.
Many different kinds of coffee can be produced. Each one has its own set of characteristics and is made from beans that were not roasted at the same time or the same temperature. For example, there is a specific method used to make espresso coffee. This method results in a strong, flavorful drink rich in taste and contains caffeine (the main component found in coffee). Other coffee beans are made into a beverage that is called Mocha. This is similar to an espresso. It has a chocolatey taste and is usually very rich. The most common type of coffee on the market today is a blend first produced in the 1950s to replicate the original taste of espresso and Mocha. Several blends can be found on grocery store shelves, with each one being a combination of different beans that are roasted at different times.
Coffee is one of the most widely traded commodities in the world. For a product to be traded, it must be exported from produced and imported into another country. Most of the countries that work in coffee production are situated in Latin America and Asia. These countries have been found to have large amounts of untouched land that is perfect for growing coffee.
The top three exporting countries, which account for over half of the world’s coffee exports, are Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia. Together, these three countries produce over half of the world’s coffee.
The Future of coffee
Coffee will likely continue to be a popular beverage around the world. Its flavor, a strong addiction factor and ability to provide something to drink in the morning have made it very popular. Coffee offers many health benefits and is often seen as an international beverage of choice. It is predicted that coffee consumption will continue to grow in the next few decades as its profile rises throughout the globe.
The story of coffee shows how something as simple as a beverage can become so well known. In the last couple of centuries, it has become a part of our daily routines and a major player in the world of business. Creating brand names such as Starbucks Coffee Company and Peet’s Coffee and Tea shows that people are willing to spend money on high-quality coffee. Years of hard work and research have been put into coffee from worldwide. A lot of money has been invested in the product, making it so popular today.
So, how did coffee become so popular? The answer to this question can be found in the history of coffee!